Audit of USAID/Pakistan's Livelihood Development Program for the Upper Region of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas

Recommendations

Recommendation 1

USAID/Pakistan develop and implement a periodic training program for mission staff that clearly defines the authority, responsibility, and accountability of agreement officers, technical representatives, and program staff, including their communications with implementers, to support an effective management control environment. Because of the constant changes in personnel, we recommend that the training materials be made available on USAID/Pakistan's Intranet for all new arrivals to review in the interim between training sessions.

Questioned Cost:
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Recommendation 2

USAID/Pakistan develop and implement a plan, in compliance with Federal Acquisition Regulation 37.114 and Office of Management and Budget guidance, to provide proper oversight and management of contractors that support contract and agreement administration.

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Recommendation 3

USAID/Pakistan perform an analysis, as a template for the mission, to establish the sufficiency of the mission's internal capability for control and management of contractors working on the Livelihood Development Program, taking into account the goals of the program, the complexity of the work, the need for specialized skills, and the effect of contactor default on program performance.

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Recommendation 4

USAID/Pakistan develop and implement a mission workforce plan with guidelines for the consideration of increasing the use of U.S. direct-hire personnel for positions engaged in services closely associated with inherently governmental functions.

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Recommendation 5

USAID/Pakistan develop and implement definitive plans for the Livelihood Development Program in regard to the shift toward more direct funding to Pakistani institutions, including incremental funding, budgets, transition plans, and any other information that may require modifications of relevant agreements and contracts. Moreover, we recommend that USAID/Pakistan designate appropriate personnel to communicate these plans to implementers and the Government of Pakistan.

Questioned Cost:
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